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Italy (Bolzano) / Education / Provincial Law, 31 August, 1974, n. 7, School welfare, measures to secure the right to education

IT35_ITD10_Provincial Law, 31 August, 1974, n. 7, School welfare, measures to secure the right to education _1974

Name of the country Italy (Bolzano)
Sector Education
Name of the document (original) Legge Provinciale 31 Agosto, 1974, n. 7, Assistenza scolastica. Provvidenze per assicurare il diritto allo studio
Name of the document (English) Provincial Law, 31 August, 1974, n. 7, School welfare, measures to secure the right to education
Administrative level Provincial
Type of the document Legislation
Year of adoption 1974
Foreseen duration Unlimited
Sector Education
Territorial unit (NUTS/LAU) ITD10
Authority Autonomous Province of Bolzano
Provincial Council
Availability in English No
Legally binding Legally binding
SGI coverage SGI
Integration as a concept Yes
Integration elements
Adm. levels
Fin. sources
Others National audiovisual aids center; National authority for the popular and school libraries; National authority for the moral protection of the child; Italian center for study trips of students in middle and high schools; National authority care teachers;
Description School care is carried out by public bodies and national or provincial institutions Division between duties of the Province and the municipalities Collaboration between the province and the municipalities regarding school canteens Collaboration between the Province and Transport companies for school transport Decision No. 107 of 04.02.2014 on Criteria for the organization of school transport services Decision No. 2789 of 16.11.2009 Guidelines to align the school timetable with the schedules public transport Financial contribution by the province for school canteens Contributions and aid to municipalities, their consortia, and particularly suitable to other bodies and institutions in the education sector
Major objectives Ensure the right to education, equality within the education sector for everyone
Short Summary The Province ensures the right to education by: annual study grants, extraordinary study grants, refunding of school fees, school feeding, provision of school books, school trips or other travel facilities, insurance, housing options, care and supervision services for children and young people outside of school hours, actions in favor of children and adolescents with disabilities, any additional measure for realizing the right to education. The first 5 measures are delivered on the basis of the financial need, which is determined on the basis of income, capital and allowances of the parents and student.
The beneficiaries of the law are listed (EU citizens attending school or training in ST, EU citizens resident for 2 years in ST attending school outside ST not existent in ST, Non-EU citizens resident in ST attending school or training, Non-EU citizens with long-term EU residence permit, Non-EU citizens at least 5 years resident in ST attending school, training outside ST not existing in ST.
Further services connected to education are mentioned in the law: school feeding provided by the municipalities or third parties, school books, school transport organized by the provincial council, the law also foresees further extraordinary school activities and services, which are supported by contributions by the province, it also comprises measures for disabled people such as transport or supervision service, also student hostels and accommodation are financed and provided by the province. They can be led by public or private persons. Also specific language courses for migrant people are included in the measures.
Interview German School Department Director_Höllrigl: "Basic direction of the province to ensure that people can live well in the peripheral areas is certainly possible since the implementation of the 2nd Autonomy Statute. Certainly much invested to create structures for the basic needs and organizations that bring people together. These conscious political decisions were made so people would also continue to live peripheral areas. These also include certain measures to ensure the right to education, for example, capillary school transport, it is ensured that even children from remote farms are able to be brought to the next school. If certain number of students is not present, then decision on whether school closes or not. Under the decision of the state government 1152. In 2015/16 South Tyrol has almost 260 elementary schools, that are not fully used, more than half, do not run the whole 5 classes and thus are relatively small schools. We have over 30 schools with less than 30 children so very small structures. Every year a list is handed over to the provincial government, which decides whether or not a school needs to be closed. Yet his has not occurred often. Due to the recent decision of the provincial government if schools have less than 5 children, then automatically closed, not political but administrative reasons. The tendency is that each municipality insists to obtain their school upright. The financial costs of maintaining a school is held by the municipalities, association of consortia (in case of middle schools). The Province has the costs of providing the staff for the schools. The Province supports the communities e.g. school feeding etc. with subsidies as they want to promote education. However, the municipalities are mainly responsible for the financing. Example of trans-sectoral network is school feeding, where cooperation with nursing homes or local shops is promoted. This hasn't only got economic but also a social approach to bring people together. Stakeholders in this regard are the Education Committee, cultural organizations, extracurricular support LG 2015 / No.1 (sports clubs, music school, etc.). Education matters are regulated nationally, the EU sends out impulses and programs (Erasmus, projects ESF, EFRE) in the member states, it cannot be conditioned educational decisions. From autonomy political considerations well that these anchoring obtained in peripheral areas, then we must ensure that the education that these small schools are well networked with other schools that generates added value"
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