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Slovenia / General / Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia

SI01_SI0_Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia_1991

Name of the country Slovenia
Sector General
Name of the document (original) Ustava Republike Slovenije
Name of the document (English) Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia
Administrative level National
Type of the document Legislation
Year of adoption 1991
Foreseen duration Unlimited
Sector General
Territorial unit (NUTS/LAU) SI0
Authority National Assembly, Constitutional Court
Availability in English Yes (RS constitutional court)
Legally binding Legally binding
SGI coverage SGI, SSGI
Integration as a concept Yes
Integration elements
Actors
Policies
Adm. levels
Fin. sources
Others
Description Actors: According to the document "citizens may form self-governing associations to promote their interests (Art.145)." Regions are established by law, however they integrate municipalities. Therefore, “the participation of the municipalities must be ensured in the procedure for adopting the law (Art. 134).” Administrative levels: Administrative levels (national, regional and municipal/local) are interrelated by the subsidiarity principle.
Major objectives 1. Protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms
2. Establish economic and social relations
3. The establishment of a local self-government (3/5)
Short Summary The constitution declares Slovenia for a democratic republic and a social state, governed by the rule of law, where citizens are empowered through elections, and proclaim Slovenian to be territorially unified and indivisible state.The major objectives of the document are: 1. Establish the essential elements of statehood
2. Democratic political system with a parliamentary form of government
3. Protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms
4. Establish economic and social relations
5. The establishment of a local self-government
The document adopts 13 general provisions. These provisions among others declare Slovenia for a democratic republic and a social state, governed by the rule of law, where citizens are empowered through elections, and proclaim Slovenian to be territorially unified and indivisible state. It also defines human rights and fundamental freedoms such as equality before the law, inviolability of human life, right to legal remedies, freedom of movement, right of assembly and association, right to vote, participation in the management of public affairs, freedom of work, right to social security, right to health care, rights to education and work-training for disabled people, freedom of education and schooling, freedom of science and arts, autonomy of universities, etc..
The constitution establishes economic and social relations, declaring that the state is responsible for the security of employment, national assets and resources, healthy living environment, free enterprise, participation of employees in management of enterprises, and is accountable to create opportunities for citizens to obtain proper housing. For the provision of SGI alpine space the decree on the protection of land use is of particular importance in the socio-economic context. The provision states that "The state shall promote the economic, cultural, and social advancement of the population living in mountain and hill areas (Article 71, p. 21)".
Organisation of the state (decrees establishing the composition, the role and duties, as well as the mode of the election of the national assembly, the national council, the president of the Republic, the government, the state administration, the judiciary etc..) is also a part of the document. The establishment of self-government is also an important objective of the constitution. The document states that the local self -government is carried out within municipalities that have the authority to autonomously manage local affairs, which only affect their residents. However, if providing the funding, the state can by law transfer some of its liabilities to municipalities. The territory of a municipality "comprises a settlement or several settlements bound together by the common needs and interests of the residents (Art. 139, p. 41) ", though it is also defined by law. Municipalities are funded from its own sources. Urban municipalities are also defined (Art. 141). The definition of regions as a "self-governing local community that manages local affairs of wider importance, and certain affairs of regional importance provided by law (Art.143)" is given. However, as stated in Art.143 "municipalities may independently decide to join into wider self-governing local communities, as well as regions, in order to regulate and manage local affairs of wider importance." Also "citizens may form self-governing associations to promote their interests (Art.145)."
Other important provisions refer to public finance, constitutionality and legality, the constitutional court and procedure for amending the constitution.
Centralised/decentralised Not applicable
Type of finance
EU
Federal/national
State/cantonal/provincial
Regional
Local
No sources available.
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