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Slovenia / General / Social Entrepreneurship Act

SI04_SI0_Social Entrepreneurship Act_2012

Name of the country Slovenia
Sector General
Name of the document (original) Zakon o socialnem podjetništvu
Name of the document (English) Social Entrepreneurship Act
Administrative level National
Type of the document Legislation
Year of adoption 2012
Foreseen duration Unlimited
Comments According to the information gathered in one of the interviews, social entrepreneurship was expected to contribute a lot towards the improvement of SGI provision, particularly in remote mountain regions. However, as explained, it did not live up to the expectations, as the regulations amending this field where too complicated for the entrepreneurs to take on.
Sector General
Territorial unit (NUTS/LAU) SI0
Authority Ministry of labour, family and social affairs
Availability in English Yes (Ministry of labour, family and social affairs) http://www.mddsz.gov.si/fileadmin/mddsz.gov.si/pageuploads/dokumenti__pdf/zaposlovanje/Act_SE_rev_clear.pdf
Legally binding Legally binding
SGI coverage SGI, SSGI
Integration as a concept Yes
Integration elements
Actors
Policies
Adm. levels
Fin. sources
Others
Description Actors: Government, ministries (economy, employment and social affairs), municipalities and other representatives at regional and local level (development sector), social enterprises as service providers, public initiatives representatives, most disadvantaged groups in the labour market and general public (potential workers of the company). Local policies to develop social enterprises are further supported by the government through the Councils, ministries and Government offices in regional development. Policies: Municipalities are “suggested” to plan, fund and implement the policies to develop social entrepreneurship in the content of promotion of balanced regional development. Social entrepreneurship in its objectives relates to the social (jobs and employment, solidarity, cohesion), environmental and economic policy of the country. It specifically states that the social entrepreneurship shall “ensure the additional supply of products and services in the public interest”. Administrative levels: National, regional, local. Financial: Social enterprises are predicted to be financed partially from the income depended on their market performance, governmental incentives, as well as private capital (donations).
Major objectives 1. Setting a legal framework for the social entrepreneurship in Slovenia (definition of social entrepreneurship and its objectives, principles and requirements, areas and activities of social entrepreneurship, the authorities at the national level responsible for the matters of social entrepreneurship, definitions of a social enterprise, its responsibilities and structure)
2. To encourage and promote the development of the social entrepreneurship in order to widely benefit from its objectives e.g. “ensure the additional supply of products and services in the public interest, develop new employment possibilities, provide additional jobs and enable social integration and vocational reintegration of the most disadvantaged groups in the labour market (Art.3)”. (2/2)
Short Summary The Social Entrepreneurship Act is a legally binding legislation setting the regulatory framework amending the objectives, principles, and services, as well as the terms and conditions for the social entrepreneurship in Slovenia. It sets the terms of employment relating to social enterprises, as well s the conditions under which legal entities acquire the status of a social enterprise, the method of acquiring the status of a social enterprise and its withdrawal, specific operating conditions of social enterprises, the records kept regarding social entrepreneurship, and its supervision.
The document amends the incentives and the planning of the future development of the social entrepreneurship in the country, the cooperation of social partners and organizations of civil society when adopting new development documents, the position of municipalities in the development and implementation of the social entrepreneurship, as well as the powers in the field of social entrepreneurship.
Main objectives:
1. Setting a legal framework for the social entrepreneurship in Slovenia (definition of social entrepreneurship and its objectives, principles and requirements, areas and activities of social entrepreneurship, the authorities at the national level responsible for the matters of social entrepreneurship, definitions of a social enterprise, its responsibilities and structure)
2. To encourage and promote the development of the social entrepreneurship in order to widely benefit from its objectives e.g. “ensure the additional supply of products and services in the public interest, develop new employment possibilities, provide additional jobs and enable social integration and vocational reintegration of the most disadvantaged groups in the labour market (Art.3)”.
According to this law the social entrepreneurship is defined as: “the permanent performance of social entrepreneurship activities or other activities, which are subject to special conditions of employment, in the manufacture and sales of products or the provision of services on the market, for which the generation of profit is neither an exclusive nor a main objective.” Social enterprises are predicted to be financed partially from the income depended on their market performance, governmental incentives, as well as private capital (donations).
The act implies that the social entrepreneurship objectives will also contribute to the aims of other (environmental, economic, and social) policies. As stated “social entrepreneurship shall strengthen social solidarity and cohesion, promote the participation of the people, support voluntary work, improve society's capacity for innovation in addressing social, economic, environmental and other issues, develop new employment possibilities, provide additional jobs and enable social integration and vocational reintegration of the most disadvantaged groups in the labour market. Furthermore, in relation to the SGI the document states the social entrepreneurship shall “ensure the additional supply of products and services in the public interest”.
Areas of activities of social entrepreneurship mostly related to the provision of SSGI. Among others they include the following: social assistance, family assistance, protection of persons with disabilities, provision and organisation of youth work, protection and promotion of health, ensuring social inclusion, promotion of employment and vocational training of unemployed people and persons at risk of unemployment, nature conservation, environmental protection and animal protection etc.
The document also predicts the cooperation of several actors at national, regional and local levels: government, ministries (economy, employment and social affairs), municipalities and other representatives at regional and local level (development sector), social enterprises as service providers, public initiatives representatives, most disadvantaged groups in the labour market (potential workers of the company), and the general public.
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