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Slovenia / General / Decree on Spatial order of Slovenia

SI08_SI0_Decree on Spatial order of Slovenia_2004

Name of the country Slovenia
Sector General
Name of the document (original) Uredba o prostorskem redu Slovenije
Name of the document (English) Decree on Spatial order of Slovenia
Administrative level National
Type of the document Legislation
Year of adoption 2004
Foreseen duration Unlimited
Sector General
Territorial unit (NUTS/LAU) SI0
Authority Ministry of the environment and spatia lplanning
Availability in English No
Legally binding Leaglly binding
SGI coverage SGI
Integration as a concept Yes
Integration elements
Actors
Policies
Adm. levels
Fin. sources
Others
Description Integration as a concept: Municipalities, especially in remote and rural regions are encouraged to cooperate and connect in order to optimise the delivery of SGI by the sharing of services and assuring optimum public transport connectivity. The general rules of spatial planning demand that in the process of the preparation of spatial planning acts spatial coherence and integration of economic, social, cultural and environmental policies is assured, and the differences in regional development are decreased. Actors: Government, municipalities and other local communities, economic, social, cultural and environmental sectors, general public Policies: Economic, social, cultural and environmental policies Administrative levels. National, regional, local
Major objectives Main objectives:
1. Laying down the rules for spatial planning in Slovenia.
2. The use of this rules when:
a. planning settlement, infrastructure and landscape;
b. determining the basic and detailed land use, the criteria and conditions for spatial planning at the strategic and operational planning acts at the regional and local level, and locational conditions for spatial interventions, planning and construction of facilities;
c. preparing the expert bases for the creation of spatial solutions, justification and assessment of their acceptability, and making decisions on the implementation of spatial interventions;
d. preparing coherent and professionally justified spatial planning documents.
Short Summary The Decree on spatial order of Slovenia, lays down the rules for spatial planning. The rules for spatial planning are the general planning rules, the rules for the planning of spatial systems, and the rules for the design and construction of buildings.
Main objectives:
1. Laying down the rules for spatial planning with the aim to ensure a sustainable spatial development.
2. The rules for spatial development should be used when:
a. planning settlements and infrastructure, as well as designing landscapes;
b. determining the basic and detailed land use, the criteria and conditions for spatial planning at the strategic and operational planning acts at the regional and local level, and locational conditions for spatial interventions, planning and construction of facilities;
c. preparing the expert bases for the creation of spatial solutions, justification and assessment of their acceptability, and making decisions on the implementation of spatial interventions;
d. preparing coherent and professionally justified spatial planning documents.
The documents sets some important rules related to the SGI provision, moreover to the location and distribution of specific (social, health, economic, transport and basic goods) services (within a region, settlement or municipality) in order to contribute to the sustainable spatial development on strategic and local levels.
The general rules of spatial planning demand that in the process of the preparation of spatial planning acts spatial coherence and integration of economic, social, cultural and environmental policies is assured, and the differences in regional development are decreased. Furthermore, the spatial systems (e.g. settlements, infrastructure, and landscapes) should be comprehensively considered, and the activities and SGI coherently distributed.
According to the document spatial development should be founded on the expert basis. Among others, the current situation and trends are identified through the analysis, a part of which is also a presentation of the key issues as and development trends in the area. The analysis is the basis for the identification of the development opportunities of economic, cultural and social activities, importantly among them SGI, in the area.
As stated, the spatial systems, settlements, infrastructure and landscapes, should be planned in a way which enables the aggregation of settlements in the so called polycentric network of cities. This is encouraged by the planning of the complementary SGI and other activities in different settlements within a wider (city) area, and by enabling the accessibility from the surrounding municipalities to the larger city within a 30 minute timeframe by public transport. In case of the conurbations, the accessibility timeframe among the larger centres should be 15 min by public transport.
The decree also emphasises the importance of the effective end equal accessibility. As stated the areas of social infrastructure and central activities (shops, banks, schools, etc.), as well as the residential areas should not be more than 5 min walk away from the first station of the public transport. Furthermore, to ensure the competitiveness of the settlements in a wider context, the SGI and other activities should be functionally planned.
The provision of SGI and its distribution is also very important when planning the settlement expenditure as well as the land use. Generally, the SGI should be provided at all territorial levels, however, the development of SGI is encouraged within (town) centres and that also applies to rural and remote areas. As recognised by this document, good public transport links, which should be regular renovated and maintained, are therefore of great importance as they are crucial to assure the equal accessibility of services. The land use planning rules explicitly list the SGI which should be provided within the areas planned for housing e.g. nurseries, schools, shops, business centres, post offices, social care facilities, sports and cultural facilities, green areas etc. Regarding the rural settlements, this services should be provided in the centres nearby. Activities and facilities like industrial production, warehouses, transport terminals, utilities, energy infrastructure etc. should be provided within areas planed for industry and production.
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