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Austria (Carinthia) / Regional development / Carinthian Spatial Planning Law

AT02_AT21_Carinthian Spatial Planning Law_1969

Name of the country Austria (Carinthia)
Sector Regional development
Name of the document (original) Kärntner Raumordnungsgesetz
Name of the document (English) Carinthian Spatial Planning Law
Administrative level State
Type of the document Legislation
Year of adoption 1969
Foreseen duration Unlimited
Comments This is the legal basis in the field of spatial planing.
Sector Regional development
Territorial unit (NUTS/LAU) AT21
Authority State Carinthia
Availability in English No
Legally binding Legally binding
SGI coverage SGI
Integration as a concept No
Integration elements
Actors
Policies
Adm. levels
Fin. sources
Others
Description They defined rules and objectives to reach the defined development
Short Summary Carinthian Spatial Planning Law
Term and differentiation

Spatial planning is the anticipatory planning design of the entire area and partial areas of the country to guarantee best-possible usage and assurance of the habitats in the interest of the common good with consideration of the natural and historically grown circumstances, the ecological needs, the foreseeable economic, social and cultural needs of the population and the free development of the individual in the community.

Objectives and principles of spatial planning
1. Natural livelihoods are to be protected as possible and used carefully.
2. The functional ability of the natural household, the variety and particular nature of the Carinthian landscape and the identity of the country´s regions shall be preserved.
3. Best-possible development of the economic and social structure shall be targeted for the individual regions of the country with consideration of the respective spatial and structural features and its development possibilities. Provisions are to be made for corresponding facilities with installations of securing livelihood in reasonable foresight.
4. The population shall be protected against dangers from natural forces and accidents of unusual scope as well as against preventable environmental burdens by corresponding location planning for permanently used installations.
5. Basic care of the population with frequently needed public and private goods and services to sufficient extent, in adequate quality and in reasonable distance must be ensured and developed.
6. Areas appropriate for recreation, in particular in the vicinity of settlement and tourist centres must be secured and kept free of utilisations that impair the recreational value to larger than minor extent insofar possible.
7. The settlement structure shall be developed in a way under consideration of the historically grown local centre classification of the country so that best-possible coordination of the location planning for living, economic companies, service and recreational installations is achieved to greatest possible extent without interacting impairment. Sparing usage of ground and area as well as a limitation and spatial density of the construction should be the objective, urban sprawl should be avoided. The protection and maintenance of settlement structures worth maintaining shall be supported by measures of local and regional development.
8. Spatial requirements for a high performance economy shall be secured and improved long term in central areas as well as peripheral areas with consideration of the respectively different circumstances; special consideration must also be given to the location requirements for the settlement and expansion of industrial and trade companies, service providers and companies and installations for energy provision, future available of raw and basic material, the labour market situation and the expected impairments of neighbouring settlement areas and the natural environment.
9. Continuation of viable farming agriculture and forestry shall be ensured by the maintenance and improvement of the necessary spatial requirements. Special attention must be paid to the improvement of the agricultural structures, the protection of the natural and cultural landscape and on the provision of sufficiently productive acreage.
10. The spatial requirements for high performance tourism shall be maintained and developed with consideration of the social capacity and ecological durability of the area as well as the requirements of the protection of land and nature.
11. Traffic needs of the population and economy shall be met with consideration of the existing structures and consideration of the environment, the health of the population and the protection of the landscape.
12. Sufficient provisions shall be made for disposal structures regarding existing supply structures and those to be built.
13. Areas with usable water and raw material deposits shall be kept free of usages that would prevent development in the future.
14. For the purpose of preventing serious accidents in the sense of guideline 2012/18/EU and to limit its consequences for human health and the environment, the state and the municipalities shall consider the settlement of companies subject to Guideline 2012/18/EU and insofar no planning responsibility of the state is given, and to supervise the modification of such existing companies, as well as new development in areas adjoining such companies, including traffic areas, publicly used facilities and settlement areas, insofar these settlements, modifications or developments may be the cause of serious accidents or increase the risk of a serious accidents or could worsen the consequences of such an accident.

Country planning is spatial planning on state level. Due to the distribution of competence, the states are able to make comprehensive legal regulations on the one hand, and create so-called "integrative" spatial planning plans on the other, which consider a future-oriented summary over a broad spectrum of relevant topics as well as relevant regulations of the federation.
In Carinthia, supra-local spatial planning is regulated by the Carinthian special planning law (K-ROG). It determines binding objectives and principles of spatial planning and includes the following instruments:
• spatial tolerance test for projects
• the development programs (as regulation of the federal government):
• the comprehensive country development program for all of Carinthia
• comprehensive regional development programs for individual planning regions and
• sectoral programs for certain topics (either nationwide or for individual planing regions)
• the spatial planning land registry as "data collection" and information basis, which is electronic today (see KAGIS)
In addition, the K-ROG intends the spatial planning advisory board as political board with recommendation right, which decides in case of conflict.
Centralised/decentralised decentralised
Governance model
Public services
Concession
Public-private partnership
Co-operative
Others
Comments
Type of finance
EU
Federal/national
State/cantonal/provincial
Regional
Local
No sources available.
Sources of finance
Private
Public
Stakeholders' list
Federal/national
State/provincial/departmental
Regional
Inter-communal
Local
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