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Austria (Carinthia) / Regional development / Demographic change - trends and perspective

AT05_AT21_Demographic change - trends and perspective_2012

Name of the country Austria (Carinthia)
Sector Regional development
Name of the document (original) Demografrische Wandel - Trends und Perspektiven
Name of the document (English) Demographic change - trends and perspective
Administrative level State
Type of the document Strategy
Year of adoption 2012
Foreseen duration Unlimited
Comments This strategy results from the development concept. The strategy is also very important for all SGI in the peripheral regions.This strategy is very important for our pilot action in the project intesi.
Sector Regional development
Territorial unit (NUTS/LAU) AT21
Authority Carinthian government Department 3
Availability in English No
Legally binding Non binding
SGI coverage SGI
Integration as a concept Yes
Integration elements
Actors
Policies
Adm. levels
Fin. sources
Others
Description development of the population in different regions in Carinthia
Major objectives population
Short Summary Demographic change - Trends and perspectives

The strategy "Demographic change" shows a future-oriented development of the region and communities. This requires knowledge about the future development of the population in spatial resolution in as much detail as possible. A mutual data foundation helps to conduct the planning and need calculations on a uniform basis from maternity wards to kindergartens, schools to nursery homes, and to coordinate the measures on the different sectors. This is substantial for space planning, as the available "area for permanent settlement" is limited, and location decisions and infrastructure investments have long-term effects.
So-called "Demographic change" came into being in the framework of the "Spatial strategy for the state development of Carinthia" STRALE!K, and is of utmost importance, because demographic change is not a uniform, consistent process, but rather it occurs in the framework of a differentiated spatial structure with different framework conditions and influence factors. This leads to specific regional and local problem constellations. Overall, the study shows that the existing regional differences will most probably continue to intensify.
In sparsely populated areas with a decrease in inhabitants the capacity and maintenance of the infrastructure turns into a challenge. In order to ensure basic supply for the population and maintain quality of life, coordination and cooperation of the communities among each other, between the communities and the state, as well as between sector politics will become necessary. The need for action in the central regions is caused by the influx of population, which will increasingly come from abroad as well in the future. Additional need for action is generated in the area of public service tasks and infrastructure provision, as the offer must follow the demographic ageing process. Structured settlement development remains a main challenge for a future-oriented design of the cities and municipalities of urban-rural regions.


Demographic change effects an increased reduction of the number of young, well trained people in gainful employment that are especially important for the development of a future-oriented, technology-oriented economy.
On the other hand, the number of older people that in average are in such good physical, mental and spiritually condition and are as active and productive as never before is increasing as well.
These regionally different situations require "custom-made" strategies to handle demographic change. The strategy on hand along with the presentation of the data foundations, the illustration of the foreseeable needs of action and the compilation of measure suggestions provides a basis for coordinated and interactive acting of the different departments within the administration, at advocacy groups and other decision makers.
Centralised/decentralised decentralised
Governance model
Public services
Concession
Public-private partnership
Co-operative
Others
Comments
Type of finance
EU
Federal/national
State/cantonal/provincial
Regional
Local
No sources available.
Sources of finance
Private
Public
Stakeholders' list
Federal/national
State/provincial/departmental
Regional
Inter-communal
Local
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