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France / General / Mountain Act

FR02_FR0_Mountain Act_1985

Name of the country France
Sector General
Name of the document (original) Loi Montagne 9 janvier 1985
Name of the document (English) Mountain Act
Administrative level National
Type of the document Legislation
Year of adoption 1985
Foreseen duration Unlimited
Comments Currently under revision, a second act is expected in 2016
Sector General
Territorial unit (NUTS/LAU) FR0
Authority State
Availability in English No
Legally binding Legally binding
SGI coverage SGI
Integration as a concept Yes
Integration elements
Actors
Policies
Adm. levels
Fin. sources
Others
Description Ensure a better management and use of mountain areas by inhabitants and local authorities Creation of CIMA SIMA and POIA
Major objectives [1/4]
4th objective :
- Re evaluate the quality of public services in mountain areas, and ensure their delivery and accessibility by an expansion of contracts defining obligations
Short Summary The « Mountain Act » of January 9th 1985 about mountain development and protection, is the main legal framework for mountain areas. It was the first time in France, than a geographical area had a specific legislation. And this is the first legal act for an integrated and transversal management of mountain areas.
This is a fundamental act for spatial planning policy in France, as it was a rupture with previous methods; it has prefigured the territorial development.
It aims to establish a balance between development and protection in mountain areas by following these objectives (from article 1):
- Develop new responsibilities for local authorities and mountain organizations to define and implement mountain policy
- Involve economy of mountain areas in quality policies and development of added value
- Develop natural areas protection and promote cultural heritage
- Ensure a better management and use of mountain areas by inhabitants and local authorities
- Re evaluate the quality of public services in mountain areas, and ensure their delivery and accessibility by an expansion of contracts defining obligations
As this law has been enacted 30 years ago, the government is currently working on a second act, which would modernize this version.
Centralised/decentralised Centralised
Governance model
Public services
Concession
Public-private partnership
Co-operative
Others
Comments
Measures Establishment of comittees of massif (for communication and governance at a massif level)
- Possibility for mountains areas to derogate from national law. This can be applied to SGIs
Type of finance
EU
Federal/national X (FNADT affecté à la montagne)
State/cantonal/provincial CIMA (Interregional agreement for Alpine massif)
Regional
Local
No sources available.
Sources of finance
Private
Public
Stakeholders' list
Federal/national
State/provincial/departmental
Regional
Inter-communal
Local
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