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France / Social care / Adaptation of society to the ageing of the population Act of December 28th 2015

FR42_FR0_Adaptation of society to the ageing of the population Act of December 28th 2015_2015

Name of the country France
Sector Social care
Name of the document (original) Loi 14 décembre 2015 relative à l'adaptation de la société au vieillissement
Name of the document (English) Adaptation of society to the ageing of the population Act of December 28th 2015
Administrative level National
Type of the document Legislation
Year of adoption 2015
Foreseen duration Unlimited
Sector Social care
Territorial unit (NUTS/LAU) FR0
Authority State
Availability in English No
Legally binding Legally binding
SGI coverage SSGI
Integration as a concept Yes
Integration elements
Actors
Policies
Adm. levels
Fin. sources
Others
Description The second pillar of the bill aims to adapt all public policies to ageing, in particular housing, town planning and transport policies as well as protection of adults.
Major objectives 1. Anticipate
2. Adapt
3. Support
Short Summary The bill on the adaptation of society to the ageing of the population has been adopted at first reading in the National Assembly. Anticipate, adapt and support are the three pillars of the project, which notably provides for an increase in the thresholds for the personalized independent-living allowance (APA - allocation personnalisée d’autonomie).

The bill on the adaptation of society to the ageing of the population is a response to strong demand from the French people and to the need to anticipate the consequences of an ageing population on social life and public policies as a whole. Indeed, there are currently 15 million people over 60, and this number is set to increase to 24 million in 2060. The bill is based on three inseparable pillars: anticipation, adaptation of society and support for persons facing a loss of autonomy.

1. Anticipate
Anticipation should make it possible to identify and combat risk factors that contribute to loss of autonomy. To do so, the law proposes to:
- Make the home an asset in prevention with the creation of public aid providing elderly people on low incomes with access to new technologies;
- Strengthen prevention with a plan to combat the over-medication of elderly people;
- Combat suicide among elderly people;
- Take action against isolation.

2. Adapt
The second pillar of the bill aims to adapt all public policies to ageing, in particular housing, town planning and transport policies as well as protection of adults.
- Adapt housing to the demographic transition by drawing on:
> The national housing adaptation plan. The reform will increase in particular the number of people entitled to aids to adapt their homes and will also halve the average processing time for files;
> The development of microcredits to enable elderly people on low incomes to finance their adaptation works;
> The improvement of the tax credit "for home adaptations": the measure will be extended by the 2015 Finance Act. The list of eligible works will be reviewed.
- Give elderly people the choice of housing model that suites them by developing an intermediary or collective housing.
- Take the demographic challenge into account in town and regional planning.
- Develop intergenerational exchanges.

3. Support
The bill is intended to improve the care of persons facing a loss of autonomy, in particular by increasing the thresholds for the personalised independent-living allowance (i.e. nearly 700,000 potential beneficiaries), by reducing their out-of-pocket expenses and by extending the rights of family caregivers.
- Reaffirm the rights and freedoms of elderly people, such as the freedom to come and go in retirement homes. The law will also strengthen the procedure for obtaining consent to being placed in a retirement home, and will combat attempts to obtain succession by insidious means and abuse of weakness.
- Ensure the financial accessibility of services by reforming the personalised independent-living allowance (APA) for dependent people living at home through 2 measures: increasing aid plan thresholds for all APA beneficiaries, and decreasing user charges.
- Make independent-living professions a high-growth vocational track.
- Improve information on access to rights for elderly people and their families.
- Make age an asset to economic growth and employment.
- Support family caregivers by establishing a "respite assistance". This will enable family members to benefit from assistance while they take a "break". It also involves creating an emergency procedure in the event of hospitalization of the caregiver in order to provide temporary care for the care recipient.


These measures, focused on increasing the personalized independent-living allowance (APA) for dependent people living at home and adapting housing, transport and town planning policies, will be financed by the €645 million per year raised through a tax on taxable retirement pensions (the CASA), established in 2013.
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